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The city of Barcelona is the second largest city in Spain, and the capital of Catalonia, with a population of 1.7 million inhabitants and three million in the metropolitan area. Its cultural richness, vibrant life, and splendid location have made it one of the most visited cities in the world, with over four million visitors per year.

The old city (Ciutat Vella) is well-known for its network of historic roads: visitors can discover the history of Barcelona, starting at the Roman walls, moving to the medieval streets of the Gothic Quarter and going to the popular promenade known as La Rambla. The city expansion (Eixample), which took place from 1860 to 1930, bears witness to the wealth brought about by the economic growth of the period. Barcelona is best known for its architectural treasures, featuring many unique buildings from the “Modernist” period (late 19th to early 20th century), some of which have been declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. 

Barcelona is also famous for its cultural tradition. The city has many museums, covering all aspects of art and culture. The best known are the National Museum of Art of Catalonia with one of the major collections of Romanesque and Gothic art, the Museum of Historic Art, the Picasso Museum, the Miró Foundation and the Tàpies Foundation. 

Besides some major art show rooms, most musical events take place in three large venues: the Palau de la Música Catalana, a real modernist gem, the Auditorium, and the Gran Teatre del Liceu, which is a leading opera house, reconstructed after its burning in 1994. Many stage troupes and actors in Barcelona are often described as among the best in Spain, and achieve international acclaim. For more info follow the link: what’s on BCN.

© Barcelona City Hall

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