The European Union has put in place a legal framework for professional qualifications. As professional training is in many instances provided by higher education institutions, this is of importance to EUA. In 2007, Directive 2005/36/EC on the Recognition of Professional Qualifications came into force. It regulated the automatic recognition of the basic qualifications required for the practice of medicine, dentistry, general care nursing, midwifery, veterinary surgery, pharmacy and architecture in the EU’s internal market. In addition to these ‘sectoral’ professions, hundreds of others fall within the scope of the Directive’s General System, in which recognition is not automatic.
The recently amended Directive 2013/55/EU
is more closely aligned with the Bologna Process than its predecessor.
It is due for further review in 2018, but will continue to evolve in the interim as implementing acts and delegated acts (the new comitology) take effect.